What Is A Transvaginal Ultrasound?
A transvaginal ultrasound is a type of pelvic ultrasound used by healthcare providers to examine the female reproductive organs. A transvaginal ultrasound procedure sends sound waves through a probe inserted into the vagina. The ultrasound probe is placed in the vagina and can evaluate the bladder, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and vagina. This is an internal examination.
Transvaginal ultrasound is usually done if an abnormality is found during a pelvic or abdominal exam, there is pelvic pain or unexplained vaginal bleeding, to check for ovarian cysts or uterine fibroids, checking placement of an IUD or for evaluation of infertility.
Transvaginal ultrasound may also be used during pregnancy for evaluation of the cervix or placenta, to identify the source of any abnormal bleeding or to check for possible miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.
Common Alternatives For A Transvaginal Ultrasound
There are a few different pelvic ultrasound alternatives if a transvaginal ultrasound doesn't work for you. SJRA offers transabdominal ultrasounds as an alternative option. A transvaginal ultrasound provides a higher degree of accuracy, but can be a lot more uncomfortable for the patient. An transabdominal ultrasound is a lot more comfortable for the patient but less accurate. A transabdominal ultrasound is an external ultrasound whereas a transvaginal ultrasound is an internal scan. Be sure to speak with your referring physician to see what option works best for you.
How Do I Prepare For A Transvaginal Ultrasound?
A transvaginal ultrasound requires no type of preparation. Prior to your appointment, our imaging team will ask for you to empty your bladder approximately 15 minutes before the study. If you are worried about the comfortability of the exam, alternatives are available and a single family member is allowed to be at your side during the study. If you have any questions, reach out to your referring physician or our team at SJRA here.